Argentina

The contemporary winemaking Argentina consists of large areas of vineyards and state-of-the-art wineries with breath-taking architecture. The country has got extremely good conditions for wine-growing in the mountain areas and at quite high altitudes. Some of the vineyards in here are located more than 2000 m above sea level – there are large temperature differences between cool nights and warm days which allows for favourable balancing of the grapevine ripening process

Map of ArgentinaThe wine history of this country started together with the arrival of conquistadors and settlers from Europe. We know that grapevine was planted there by Jesuit missionaries.

In the following centuries the identity and character of the Argentinean wine industry was being built by numerous Italian and Spanish immigrants who in the 19th and 20th century brought quite a lot of European wine traditions onto the land.
Today, the wine heart of Argentina is the Region of Mendoza. This is the place where most of wines are produced as well as most of prestigious vineyards are located in here. It is dry in Mendoza... An interesting element of the wine history is the fact that a system of canals built by local Indians was used for watering the vineyards.
The contemporary winemaking Argentina consists of large areas of vineyards and state-of-the-art wineries with breath-taking architecture. The country has got extremely good conditions for wine-growing in the mountain areas and at quite high altitudes. Some of the vineyards in here are located more than 2000 m above sea level – there are large temperature differences between cool nights and warm days which allows for favourable balancing of the grapevine ripening process and, in consequence, gives really interesting effects. These “high” vineyards are a real benefit for Argentina which makes it significantly different from other winemaking countries across the world.
Other wine regions of Argentina are, looking from the north: Salta, La Rioja, San Juan, Neuquén and Rio Negro. In the vineyards, apart from the flag malbeca, some classical wines dominate: cabernet sauvignon, merlot. There are some Italian tastes: bonarda, barbera, sangiovese as well as pinot noir, chardonnay, semillon and many other wines which turn out to be very successful experiments.

The white variety, that is, torrontés – aromatic, intensive and fruit – is very popular in Argentina. It was long believed that the variety originated from the Spanish Galicia. However, the recent research on DNA carried out at the University of California in Davis have proved that Argentina is the mother country for the graft. It developed as a result of natural, spontaneous hybrid between an old variety of criolla and muscat of Alexandria. Nowadays, the most sophisticated varieties of torrontes are considered to come from the northernmost point of the Salta region.
As the wine producer, Argentina oscillates around the fifth place in the world. After the time when statistical tendencies of quantity production were dominating (as well as consumption of 90 litres per capita), the numbers have been falling in recent years in favour of quality wines and more “refined” consumption.
Argentina is the country of fantastic possibilities (not only in terms of wine making) – it can offer a really varied and sophisticated wines. The number of wine investments from abroad as well as intense interest of international markets may be a proof for the potential of Argentina.

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